Beijing and China Tour Expert

National Museum of China

  • National Museum of China is an integrated national museum under the Ministry of Culture of China, draws equally from both history and art and is dedicated to its collections, exhibitions, research, archaeology, public education and cultural communication. Its basic functions are cultural relics and artworks collection, exhibition display, public education, history and art research, and cultural communication.


  • ID : 17
  • City : beijing
  • English name : National Museum
  • Chinese name : 国家博物馆
  • Type : Museum,
  • Level : easy
  • Kids : Suggested
  • Elders: Suggested
  • Best season : All seasons
  • Visiting length : 4 hours
  • Distance to city center : 0 km

Introduction of National Museum of China

  • National Museum of China (NMC) is a comprehensive museum dedicated to its collections, exhibitions, research, archaeology, public education and cultural communication. It is located to the east of Tiananmen Square and south of Chang'an Street. Covering a total construction area of nearly 200,000 square meters, the museum is one of the largest modern museums in the world. More than 1.4 million collections are housed in the museum, covering various items from ancient times to the contemporary China.

Photo of National Museum

  • National Museum Beijing is located at the east end of Tiananmen Square. This photo of the west face of National Museum was taken from the angle of Tiananmen Square.
  • National Museum photo

Highlights of visiting National Museum of China

    the Exhibition of Ancient China, the Exhibition of The Road to Rejuvenation

Helper to visit National Museum

  • Address in English : No. 16, Dong Chang’an Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing
  • Address in Chinese : 北京市东城区东长安街16号
  • Tel : +8610-65116400
  • Post code : 100010
  • Ticket time : 09:00-16:00
  • Open time : 09:00-17:00
  • Closing time : Monday
  • Location : National Museum is around 0 km to downtown beijing


  • Subway:
    • Take Subway Line 1 and get off at Tian'anmen Dong Station
    • Take Subway Line 2 and get off at Qianmen Station)
  • Public bus:
    • Bus 1,2,10,52,59,82,90,99,120,126 (Tian'anmen Dong Station)
    • Bus 2,5,120,126,Special 1 line、Special 2 line (Tian'anmen Guangchang Dong Station)
    • Bus 5,8,17,48,59,66,67,69,71,82,93,120,126,723,729,Special 11 line, Special 7 line, Special 1 line, Special 2 line(Qianmen Station)
  • Private car is the best method to visit National Museum with local tour operator.


  • high season : 0 RMB/person.
  • shoulder season : 0 RMB/person.
  • low season : 0 RMB/person.

Map of National Museum of China

  • The map of National Museum includes three sections. The right down end shows the location in the map of Beijing; The left upper section shows the whole building of the Museum; The left down section shows the inner layout of the museum, from Floor B1 to Floor F4.
  • National Museum map

Hotel Near National Museum of China

  • 5 star/duluxe hotel
  • Regent Beijing
  • The Peninsula Beijing Hotel
  • Hilton Beijing Wangfujing
  • Beijing Pudi Hotel
  • Grand Hyatt Beijing
  • Sunworld Dynasty Beijing
  • 4 star/superior hotel
  • North Garden Hotel
  • Dongjiao Minxiang Hotel
  • Beijing Double Happiness Courtyard Hotel
  • Park Plaza Beijing Wangfujing
  • Sunworld Hotel
  • 3 star/comfort hotel
  • Days Inn Forbidden City Beijing
  • Ocean Hotel Beijing
  • Ping An Fu Hotel
  • King Parkview Hotel
  • Jingshan Garden Hotel-Forbidden City
  • History
  • In July 9, 1912, the predecessor of the National Museum of China, the Preparatory Office of the National Museum of History, was founded. It was originally located at the Imperial College (Guozijian) in Beijing, and moved to the Duanmen and Wumen of the Forbidden City in 1918. In 1920, the National Museum of History was officially founded and opened to the public in 1926.
    Upon the founding of the People's Republic of China on Oct 1st, 1949, the museum was renamed the Beijing Museum of History.
    In March of 1950, the Preparatory Office of the National Museum of Revolution was established. The site was originally at the Beihai Park in Beijing, but soon was moved to Wuyingdian of the Forbidden City. In October of 1958, a new building was begun to construct on the east side of the Tian'anmen Square and completed in 1959. It is one of the "Ten Constructions" for the anniversary of the People's Republic of China.
    In August of 1960, the Beijing Museum of History was renamed Chinese Museum of History and the National Museum of Revolution was renamed the Chinese Museum of Revolution. These two museums were merged and named the Chinese Museum of Revolution and History. It was returned to their own separate entities in the early 1983. In February of 2003, the two museums were merged again and National Museum of China was established. The museum is closed in 2007 and opened to public after enlargement in March, 2011.
    On July 9, 2012, the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the National Museum of China was held in the theater of the museum.

Question or Comment

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    • Layout and Floor Distribution
    • With a total construction area of nearly 200,000 square meters, the National Museum of China is the largest single-building museum in the world. The height of the museum is 42.5 meters, with 5 floors above ground and 2 floors underground. The museum has 48 Galleries. The largest is 2000 square meters and the smallest is nearly 800 square meters.
    • Floor Distribution Floor B1: Galleries of Ancient China, public service areas, Broadcasting Room, Theatre and Lecture Hall.
      Floor 1: North Galleries N1-N4, South Galleries S1-S5, Galleries of the Road to Rejuvenation, public service areas and Central Hall 1 .
      Floor 2: Public service areas, Galleries of the Road to Rejuvenation, North Galleries N8-N11, South Galleries S6-S10.
      Floor 3: North Galleries N16-N19, South Galleries S11-S14, Central Hall 2.
    • Main Exhibitions
    • The main basic exhibitions in National Museum of China are Ancient China and The Road to Rejuvenation.
    • The Road of Rejuvenation The exhibition of The Road of Rejuvenation is in the Galleries N5–N7 on the first floor and Galleries N12-N15 on the second floor. It showcases the history of more than 100 years from the Opium War of 1840 to the founding of the PRC in 1949. More than 2,300 objects, documents, pictures, diagrams, models, paintings, sculptures, restoration of old sites, simulated landscapes and other exhibits are on displayed. Ancient China The exhibition of Ancient China is in the ten galleries on the underground floor of the museum. It displays 2026 cultural relics, including 521 first-rate relics. The exhibition shows the Chinese history from the prehistoric times to the late Qing Dynasty and the historical development process of Chinese civilization. It consists of eight sections, "Prehistoric Times", "Xia, Shang, and Western Zhou Dynasties", "Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods", "Qin and Han Dynasties", "Three Kingdoms, Jin, and Southern and Northern Dynasties", "Sui, Tang, and Five Dynasties", "Liao, Song, Xixia, Jin, and Yuan Dynasties", and "Ming and Qing Dynasties". Besides, there are some thematic exhibitions worth to visit, such as the Exhibition of Ancient Chinese Jade, Ancient Chinese Porcelain Art, Stone Carving Art of Song Dynasty, Ancient Chinese Buddhist Sculpture, Classical Calligraphy and Paintings of Ancient China, etc.
    • Treasures
    • National Museum of China houses more than 1.4 million collections, including stone tools, jade, porcelain, bronzes, coins, Buddhist sculptures, furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasty, Chinese Calligraphy and Paintings, and so on. There are many precious items which cannot be missed, such as Painted Pottery Basin with Fish and Human Face Design(Neolithic, Yangshao Culture), Great Yu Tripod in the West Zhou Dynasty(1046 BC-771 BC), Jade phoenix in Neolithic Age, Four Ram Zun Vessel and Houmuwu Rectangle Ding of the Shang Dynasty(1559 BC-1046 BC), and so on.
    • Travel Tips of National Museum of China
    • 1. Please collect a free ticket with valid ID(passport) at the Ticket Office.
      2. Food and drinks will be inspected to be brought in. Food must be consumed in designated area.
      3. Luggage shall be deposited after security check before visiting.
      4. Controlled knives, lighters, compact discs, dangerous articles, and pets are not allowed.
      5. Please keep your voice down and mute your mobile phone.
      6. Photography is permitted for permanent exhibitions and on regular displays, but no flash or tripod. For temporary exhibitions, please observe signs in the galleries.
      7. No smoking.
      8. Please do not touch the objects on display.
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