Gubeikou Great Wall
Located along the Yanshan Mountain range in the northeast of Miyun County, Gubeikou Great wall is about 140 kilometers away from downtown Beijing. It is the most complete great wall systerm, including two parts. One parts was built in 555 during North Qi Dynasty, and the other parts was built in 1368 during Ming Dynasty, which is the main part of the Gubeikou Great Wall. The Great Wall occupies a strategically important location. It is the bastion protecting the northern gateway to the capital. Gubeikou Great Wall has two sections, Wohushan Great Wall and Panlongshan Geat Wall. The walls retains its original bricks and stones, well-preserved and unrestored.
Gubeikou Great Wall Connection
History of Gubeikou Great WallIn 555 during North Qi Dynasty, the great wall was buit in the Guibeikou area as a defence agaist the north nomads. But it was built with dirt and stone, and it's not well preserved. The wall was renovated in the Tang Dynasty. In Jin Dynasty (1115 - 1234), a general built an iron gate to guard the pass, so Gubeikou Pass is also named 'Iron Gate Pass'. In the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), General Xuda extended and enhanced Gubeikou Great Wall with more beacon towers and pass gates. In 1567, General Qi Jiguang rebuilt the wall. He built another layer of bricks outside the earliest Northern Qi walls, creating a unique Gubeikou double-lined walls. A firm defensive line was formed including high walls, beacon tower, watch towers and other military constructions. No rebuilding or renovation was done since then.
Gubeikou Great Wall stretches for about 40 kilometers. The west section is Wohushan Great Wall. The wall is 4.8 km long and the highest peak measures about 665 meters. Watchtowers were built every 492 feet, overlooking a deep valley or mounted on a strategically important hilltop.
Panlongshan Great Wall lies between Wohushan Great Wall and Simatai Great Wall. It is about 5 km long. many historical wars took place here. There are more than 40 watch towers on this part. There are 14 beacon towers, 143 watch towers, 16 strategic pass, three citadels and many other military constructions on the Gubeikou Great Wall. The famous attractions include the Big Flower Beacon Tower of the Northern Qi Dynasty, Twin Towers, General Tower and 24 Eyes Tower. Big Flower Beacon Tower is the best preserved towers of the Northern Qi Dynasty. It was built at the same time with the Guibeikou Town. The tower is 10 meters high, 10 meters wide at the botttom, with 12 arrow windows on the four sides. Standing atop this tower, one can see the roads, rivers and mountain far way to the north, Nantianmen Gate to the south and Eight Big Towers to the west. It was the must pass through the Gubeikou Town. Twin Towers are suited at the north end of the Wohushan Great Wall. They are the unique spectacle of the Ming Great Wall. The north tower is higher and the south tower is lower. The two towers look like two beautiful girls holding arms. This consturct form not only can station more soliders, but also can hoard weapons and food. General Tower is located at the commanding elevation of Panlongshan Mountain. It was applied for watching enemies on high ground and a military commanding office. The tower commands a panoramic view of the surrounding area. There are four arrow windows on the north and south sides respectively, and three arrow windows on the east and west sides respectively. In the famous great wall war in 1933, the Genera Tower was the most intense site which Chinese army and the Japanese invaders fight for.
24 Eyes Tower is the last tower of at the east end of Gubeikou Great Wall, were it meets Jinshanling Great Wall at Longyukou. It is a square based building having two stories. There are 24 arrow windows, six on each side, which was rarely seen at other sections. Now only one side wall remains.
Gubeikou Great Wall Map related
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Travel Tips1. Gubeikou Great Wall is wild, there is no cable car or surfaced path. Hikers should climb with companions.
2. Avoid hiking the great wall under bad weather conditions.
3. There are many other attractions in the Gubeikou ancient town on the foot of the great wall.
Transportation1. Take bus to Chengde or Luanping County from Sihui long-distance bus station, get off at Gubeikou Tunnel.
2. Take bus to Miyun County from Dongzhimen long-distance bus station, get off at Gulou station, then take the bus No.25 of Miyun County, get off at Gubeikou Tunnel.
3. Rent a car directly. It is the most convenient way.
Ticket of Gubeikou Great Wall25RMB for Gubeikou Great Wall
20RMB for Gubeikou Ancient Town
AccommodationThere are many folk inns in the Gubeikou Village on the foot of Gubeikou Great Wall.
The inns are clean and cheap. They also offers local flavor dishes.