Laolongtou Great Wall
5 kilometers south of Shanhaiguan Pass, Laolongtou (Old Dragon's Head) was once supposed to be the easternmost end of the Great Wall of Ming Dynasty. The wall stretches about 23 meters into the Bohai Sea like an old dragon drinking water, so called Laolongtou (Old Dragon's Head). It was the only one military defense system integrated with mountains, sea, pass and city among all sections of the Great Wall of China.
MapSee Laolongtou Great Wall map
Laolongtou Great Wall was first built in 1381 during the Ming Dynasty. When the General Xu Da constructed Shanhajguan Pass, he selected Laolongtou as the site where the Great Wall stretch into the sea. To ward off attacks from the Mongolians when the tide was at the ebb or the water was lower in winter, the General Qi Jiguan built Estuary Stone City on the top of the great wall in 1957.
To reduce the impact of the waves on the wall, numerous huge iron works were down on the seabed. This unique method had been recorded in the China’s architectural history. When the Qing Dynasty united the areas on both sides of the Great Wall, Laolongtou Great Wall lost its military significance. Because it is symbol of dragon, Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong went here many times to worship their ancestors. In 1900, the Eight-Power Allied Forces invaded Shanhaiguan Pass and Laolongtou was destroyed. The great wall was renovated from 1984 and restored its splendid appearance.
Laolongtou Great Wall is about 500 meters long, 19 meters high and stretches about 23 meters into the Bohai Sea. The whole scenic spot consists of 6 main attractions. They are Chenghai Pavilion, Nereus Temple, Estuary Stone City, Jinglu Watchtower, Nanhaikou (Southern Estuary) Pass and Ninghai City.
Chenghai Pavilion is the commanding height of the Laolongtou Great Wall. It is a two-story building with brick-and-timber structure. The poems and essays created by emperors of the Qing Dynasty and literati who visited the pavillion were inscribed on the walls. Standing on the Chenghai Pavilion, visitors can enjoy the sea view to the south and the great wall winding over the mountains to the north.
Nereus Temple was built to protect to safety of the fishermen. The It consists of archways, stone bridge with three holes, the Nereus Hall, Bell Tower, Drum Tower and the Hall of Goddess of Heaven. The main building are Nereus Hall and and the Hall of Goddess of Heaven. A plaque inscribed by Emperor Qianlong is hung On the lintel of the Nereus Hall. Estuary Stone City was used to a defensive fortification to resist the aggression of Nuchen and Mongolia. It was built on natural reefs and huge rocks connected by cast iron chains. The city is about 9 meters high and 8 meters wide.
Jinglu Watchtower is the first watchtower of Laolongtou Great Wall. With a height of 15 meters, it was built with granite bars. The tower has three rooms connected by six door openings and nine windows. It is also a defense system together with the Chenghai Pavilion, and Nanhaikou(Southern Estuary) Pass. functions as a defense system together with the Chenghai Pavilion and Nanhaikou Pass. Nanhaikou Pass is the commanding center of defense system of the Laolongtou Great Wall. It is the only pass established on the seashore among the sections of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall. Chenghai Pavilion is suited in the Ninghai City. Built with bricks on a stone basement, the city is about 500 meters long and 6.6 meters high. It has two gates, one in west and another in north. There is a watchtower with embrasures on each gate.
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Attractions NearbyThe section on Jiaoshan Mountain and the Shanhaiguan Pass of Great Wall are worth to visit.
In addition, travelers can visit the Temple of Meng Jiang Nu, climbing Changshoushan Mountain or go boating on Yansai Lake.
Transportation1. Take bus no. 25, 21 and get off at the Laolongtou Station.
2. Rent a car directly. It is the most convenient way.
Ticket of Laolongtou Great Wall1. Rent a private car and guide. It is the most convenient way.
2. Take bus no. 916 from Dongzhimen Bus Station to Huairou Country, take a taxi to Great Wall.
3. Take special tourist bus from the Dongzhimen station or Xuanwumen Station. The bus is only available on weekend and holiday.
Open Time07：00-17:30 from April to November
07:30—17:00 from December to March next year