The Great Hall of the People
West side of Tiananmen Square, South of West Chang'an Avenue, Xicheng District, Beijing, China
: Southwest side of Tiananmen
: 460 meters away from the city center Tiananmen Square
30 RMB/Adult, 15 RMB/Student
Subway Line 1 at Tiananmen West Station
Subway Line 2 at Qianmen Station
Bus No. 1, 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, 17, 20, 22, 37, 44, 48, 52, 59, 66, 67, 69, 71, 82, 90, 99, 120, 126, 201, 203, 205, 209, 210, 212, 301, 337, 608, 626, 646, 673, 690, 692, 723, 728, 729, 901fast, T2, T4, T7, T11, Special1, Special2, K1.
The Great Hall of the People lies on the west of Tiananmen Square. It is the place where the national people's Congress is held. It is the office space of the national people's congress and the committee of the national people's congress. It is the important place for the Party, the State and the mass organizations to hold political activities. When there is no meeting in the Great Hall, it is allowed to visit. Halls of different nations are featured ones.
In 1956, China had finished the first Five Years Plan and the quality of people's life had improved a lot. The masses were eager to hear the voice of the Party Central Committee. Then from the year 1956, the Party began to think about building a large meeting hall in Beijing. In 1958, Beijing Urban Planning Bureau went to Russia to inspect and they planned to build a group of building including the People's Congress Hall, Revolution Museum, History Museum, National Theatre, Military Museum, Science and Technology Museum, Art Gallery, National Culture Palace, the Agricultural Exhibition Center and etc. All those should be built up and put into use on the National Day of 1959 to celebrate the 10th anniversary of People's Republic of China.
The East Gate is the main entrance of the Great Hall of the People. It is also the entrance of People's Congress Hall. Getting into the the Great Hall of the People through the East Gate, we can reach the Central Hall. The Central Hall covers 3,600 square meters. And through 6 main gates of the central hall we can get to People's Congress Hall.
People's Congress Hall: 76 meters in width from South to North, 60 meters in depth from East to West, 33 meters in height, People's Congress Hall is located in the central area of the Great Hall of People. On each seat of the three-tier seatings, people can see the rostrum. 3693 seats on the first tier, 3515 on the second and 2518 on the third, with the 300 to 500 seats on the rostrum, the People's Congress Hall can accommodate 10,000 people.
Welcome Hall and Ballroom
From the north gate and through the Windy Lobby and Hall, we can get to the Welcome Hall. Welcome Hall covers 4,500 square meters. On its east side there is office of presidential talks while on the west side there is Ambassador Ballroom.
In the Welcome Hall, there is the largest traditional Chinese painting "Jiangshan Ruci Duojiao" (the land is so pretty) in the Great Hall of People.
National Reception Hall
The main part of the Great Hall of People in the south is the organ building of the national people's Congress. National Reception Hall is located on the first floor.
The central hall on the third floor of the Great Hall of People is also called Golden Hall. It is not open to the public and usually we are not so familiar with it. This is the place where the highest profile press conference is held. It is the window of the national significant political and economic policy trends, which has also witnessed the development of People's Republic of China. During the people's congress each year, the press conference of the Prime Minister is often set in Golden Hall. Around the Golden Hall scattered Henan Chamber, Chongqing Chamber, Macau Chamber, People's Congress Hall, the small Auditorium and etc. As the name shows, the main color of the Golden Hall is gold. Five gold chandeliers in the dome add brilliant atmosphere to the hall.
Provincial Representative Hall
33 local chambers, including Hunan Chamber, Liaoning Chamber, Beijing Chamber, Sichuan Chamber, Guangdong Chamber, Shanghai Chamber and other chambers are also opened in the Great Hall of People. They are named after the provincial areas. If there is no important activities, tourists can visit the Great Hall under the tour route.
09:00 - 14:00 in January, February, March, December
08:15 - 15:00 in April, May, June
07:30 - 16:00 in July, August
08:30 - 15:00 in September, October, November
The opening hours will be extended in legal holidays.
1. Buy tickets with your valid documentation and get in through the east gate in order.
2. No bags or firearms or ammunition or dangers in. There is luggage office on the east of the south gate.
3. No littering.
4. No admission to get in when there is large political activities.
Views from Travelers
This name is sounded around Chinese people's ears. It is the symbol of China. There are lot of things to see inside. I suggest visitors should go there when come to Beijing.
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