Badachu of Beijing(The Eight Great Temples)
Introduction of Badachu of Beijing
Situated 17 kilometres from Beijing city centre, south of the Fragrant Hills is Badachu, a famous attraction in Beijing outskirt. There are eight Temples and Shrines scattered on the Western Hills. The Park covers a total area of 332 hectares and the altitude of the highest mountain peak is 464 meters. It is among the first national key units of cultural relics for preservation.
Beijing Badachu Park ( The Eight Great Temples in the Western Hills ) is a Buddhism temple park with a long history and abundant historical relics. Hundreds of years, the landscape is famous for "Three Hills, Eight Temples, Twelve Scenes". The Park got its name from eight ancient temples which are well preserved in conditions.
- Three hills of Cuiwei Pingpo, lushi hills are similar as a huge chair with fresh green forest.
- Eight Temples of Changan, Lingguang, Sanshan, Dabei, Longquan, Xiangjie, Baozhucave, Zhenggou are set crisscrossly on the over slapping hills or at the quiet and secluded village. The first site, built in the Ming Dynasty (1504), was Chang'an Temple, inside which is an Exhibition Museum. The second site is the best preserved one from the Tang Dynasty, it has a 13-storied Buddha's Tooth Relic Pagoda (Temple of Lingguang). Inside the Courtyard is an Apricot Tree dating from the Yuan Dynasty. Usually tourists start their walk from the third site and a chair lift carries them up the hill to visit each one.
- Twelve Scenes, such as Chunshan Xingling, Shuigu liuquan, shengqiu Hongye, CengluanQingxue, are changeable in season and have people day dream.
Badachu Park has a desirable climate which is cool in summer and warm in winter. More than than 97 percent of the mountains are cover with trees. Among which the arbor trees are 400,000 plants in more than 80 species and the rare ancient trees are 590 plants in 18 species. Some trees are even over 600 years old, such as the bark pines in Chang'an Temple, the maidenhair trees in Dabei Temple and the pistacia chinensis in Zhengguo Temple. Though have been standing there for over 6 centuries, the arborescence of these trees are still full-grown and in good shape.
After 1949, especially the recent ten years, history relics were embellished and protected precisely, the appearance of the park was changed greatly. The ancient trees are leaning close to the surprising stones. The imperial steles are shining up on the pagoda. Promenade in the wooded valley with friends and experience the difference from those sites which are over crowded. Also, a 1700-meter long roller-way, speeding up to 80 km per hour, will culminate your visit with an exhilarating ride. The Park has now become one of the most favourite resorts in the city's outskirts. In early spring and later autumn many visitors throng to see the charming mountain view.